Special Armoured Vehicles
Spigot Mortar Bobbin Tank Bridge Layer
Most of the armour used on D-day was of a standard design and used by both the
Americans and British.
The exception to this was "Hobarts Funnies" Major General Percy Hobart was a
relative of Montgomery and this may have been a factor in the adoption of so
many designs of special vehicles by the British on D-day.
After the disaster of Dieppe when the tanks could not gain a foothold on the
beach the British staff planners came to realise that they needed strong
armoured support if they were to make a successful landing on an enemy held
beach. Most of the vehicles were based on Churchill or Sherman tanks but able to
do a wide range of tasks.
The ARC was a turretless tank that carried a folding roadway on top. It could
drop into streams, ditches and tank traps to enable other vehicles to cross.
The Spigot Mortar, called the flying dustbin was able to fire a 40lb charge and
was very effective against bunkers and pill boxes.
Bobbin Tank, carried an enormous drum of cotton that it could lay as a roadway
in its path over soft ground.
Churchill Bridge Layer, carried a pre fabricated bridge in front that it could
lay across a ditch, decouple and then fight on as a normal tank.
Recovery Vehicle, at the front it had a crane that could lift a tank turret and
at the rear towing gear to rescue stranded tanks.